Tricyclic Drugs for Anxiety

Some of the oldest drugs used to treat depression and anxiety are tricyclic drugs. These medications affect levels of certain naturally occurring neurotransmitters such as serotonin and norepinephrine. Though they may be effective in certain situations for some people, most doctors prefer more modern psychotropic drugs, because they have fewer side effects. Tricyclics are still preferred in certain situations, because they present fewer serious side effects than benzodiazepines. There are many different Tricyclic drugs including the following:

  • Trimipramine
  • Protriptyline
  • Amitriptyline
  • Nortriptyline
  • Imipramine
  • Amoxapine
  • Desipramine
  • Doxepin
  • Maprotiline

While these drugs may not present a high risk of addiction, any medications used to treat psychological or emotional disorders may become psychologically addictive if not physically. Individuals struggling with depression, anxiety disorders or other mental illness are at a heightened risk for substance abuse and addiction as well as suicidal thoughts or actions.

Side Effects of Tricyclic Drugs

Tricyclic drugs have many potential side effects including the following:

  • Blurred vision and light sensitivity
  • Confusion
  • Drowsiness, dizziness and fatigue
  • Seizures
  • Constipation
  • Decreased libido
  • Elevated heart rate
  • Increased appetite and weight gain
  • Headache
  • Nausea

Different types of tricyclic drugs have different side effects. While they are not considered addictive, quitting the drug suddenly or skipping several doses can bring on withdrawal symptoms including nausea, flu-like symptoms, headache, dizziness and lethargy. Antidepressants can also cause increased depression or suicidal thoughts in young people.

Mental health issues still carry an unfortunate stigma that causes some people to hide their struggle, self-medicate or avoid treatment. Individuals struggling with depression, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, borderline personality disorders or other mental illnesses may turn to substance abuse to self-medicate their emotional pain.

Navigating Depression and Other Mental Health Issues

If you are struggling with anxiety, addiction or other mental health concerns, we can help. Our toll-free helpline is open 24 hours a day. We can answer any questions you have about tricyclic drugs and can connect you with the best treatment for your unique needs. Don’t take your own mental health and personal safety for granted. If you are feeling depressed and are concerned that you might need new medications or alternate forms of treatment, call today.