What is Depression?

What is Depression?

Depression is characterized by a variety of factors. When closely examined, a chemical imbalance is the contributing factor that affects the ways in which we function and live life. Its hold over our feelings, behaviors, physical well-being and actions plays a greater role than we realize. Life has essentially lost its “flavor” and nothing matters to us anymore. Hopelessness and helplessness are common and normal thought patterns consuming the minds of depressed individuals. There are different kinds of depression that hold higher levels of severity than others or are brought on by circumstances.

Different Types of Depression

Major Depressive Disorder—Otherwise known as depression or clinical depression, major depressive disorder is a mood disorder characterized by a depressed mood, a lack of interest in activities normally enjoyed, changes in weight and sleep, fatigue, feelings of worthlessness and guilt, difficulty concentrating and thoughts of death and suicide. If these symptoms are experienced for longer than a two-week period, major depressive disorder may be the proper diagnosis.

Dysthymic Disorder—Refers to a mild to moderate, chronic state of depression.

Bipolar Disorder—Consisting of alternating periods of elevated moods, called manic episodes, and depression. The spectrum can swing from mild mania (called hypomania) to more severe, debilitating highs. These occasions of mania can last for hours, days, weeks or even months before depression returns.

Postpartum Depression—Generally brought on by pregnancy due to hormonal shifts that affect the mood. Also known as the “baby blues,” postpartum depression can be a wide range from mild symptoms that go away without treatment all the way up to postpartum psychosis, which left untreated, may be responsible for tragic murders of children.

Seasonal Affective Disorder—Winter months are plagued with depression, sleepiness, weight gain and carbohydrate cravings. As spring returns, the plague is gone.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder—Otherwise known as PMS (Pre-menstrual Syndrome), symptoms occur several days or two weeks before menstruation begins. Symptoms include irritability, fatigue, anxiety, nervous tension, mood swings, depression, feeling overwhelmed or out of control, physical symptoms of swelling or bloating of the abdomen or extremities, appetite changes and food cravings, aches, and breast tenderness. When these symptoms are severe, premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) may be occurring.

Atypical Depression—Improved mood when good things happen, overeating, sleeping too much and sensitivity to rejection are symptoms characteristic of atypical depression. A type of depression which does not follow the “typical” set of depression symptoms, such as a lack of appetite and insomnia.

Get Help for Depression

If you or a loved one is suffering from some form of depression, we can help. Please call our 24-hour, toll free number today to speak with a trained counselor about recovery solutions for depression. Don’t lose one more day to this debilitating condition. Call us today.

1 (866) 612-7501