What Is Dysphoric Mania?
Dysphoric mania is a complicated and dangerous mixed mental state in which a person experiences some symptoms of depression while he is in the midst of a manic episode. This condition can be the result of a serious congenital mental disease such as bipolar disorder or can be brought on by substance abuse or trauma.
Dysphoric mania and agitated depression are considered mixed states because they involve multiple symptoms of different emotional extremes. In order for a person to officially be diagnosed with a mixed state, he would need to demonstrate clear symptoms of both a major depressive episode and a manic episode for at least one week. This is extremely rare, and it is much more common for a person to experience one extreme or the other and to exhibit conflicting symptoms from time to time.
Identifying Dysphoric Mania Symptoms
In order for one of these mixed states to be considered dysphoric mania, the individual would experience several symptoms of a manic episode, including the following:
- Bursts of energy
- Compulsive and irrational behavior
- Fits of rage
- Racing thoughts
- Inability to focus attention
- Increased ego
He would also experience at least one of a number of symptoms of a major depressive episode, including the following:
- Persistent sadness and crying
- Suicidal thoughts or actions
It is also possible that an individual in this state may experience hallucinations, delusions of persecution or marked confusion. An example of dysphoric mania would be a person becoming tearful during a fit of reckless rage. These experiences can be frightening for friends and loved ones and extremely dangerous for the individual suffering through them. The likelihood of drug and alcohol abuse, criminal activity, violence and suicide increases greatly when a person experiences the pain of major depression and mania at the same time.
Treating Dysphoric Mania
Treating the combined symptoms of a mixed state is especially difficult and risky. Some medications used to treat depression, for instance, can trigger agitated states. Sedatives used to manage symptoms of mania might help with those symptoms but may exacerbate depressive symptoms. Medical treatment must be closely monitored and adjusted as necessary.
Specialized forms of counseling, including dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) can help patients learn to manage their emotional responses and corresponding actions. Most effective treatment programs for dysphoric mania include both talking therapy and medical care.
Substance Abuse and Dysphoric Mania
Substance abuse is common among dysphoric mania sufferers, and treatment must take into account the effects of drugs and alcohol on the patient’s mental health. Any psychological disturbances can increase the likelihood of self-medication through drug or alcohol use. This can be especially tragic for someone experiencing a mixed mental state. It is during these times that he is at the highest risk of hurting himself or others. Overdose is possible, as well as deadly drug interactions that can cause serious injury or death.
Find Help for Dysphoric Mania
If you or someone you love is suffering from symptoms that may indicate a mixed state such as dysphoric mania or agitated depression, please call our toll-free helpline immediately. Our counselors are available 24 hours a day with professional and caring answers to all of your questions about this deadly disease. Do not wait another day. Call now for immediate help before something tragic happens.
You can be free of the grip of dysphoric mania and bipolar disorder if you find the right treatment. Call now and we will help you find recovery.